MMJ - A Journal by MIMER Medical College, Pune, India

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Shashikant Yashwantrao Pawar

Mind-body Connection of Illness

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:22-25]


ABSTRACT


Introduction: With increasing awareness, we all are concerned about health. With the new emerging knowledge about ""mind-body "" as one unit along with our beliefs and our emotions,now it is time to think about illness differently. Mind and body should be viewed as integrated system. There is rise in illnesses with industrialization, but ""stress"" has emerged as a new factor. The incubation period is, many times, from months to years before one is ill. Knowledge about emotions through ""molecules of emotions,"" our limbic system, hypothalamus, and the prefrontal cortex, which are gifts of evolution, have given us new insights.

Discussion: Part of mind's effects on our health is direct and conscious. The mind does not act only through our conscious choices however. The body responds to the mind's messages, both conscious and subconscious. We have been taught to see illness as ""happening,"" something that happens to us. We never think of any possibility about ""individual's psychological control"" over the course of illness. We are not aware of any cause-and-effect relationship between the illness and what's happening in our lives. Illness is not purely a physical problem but rather a problem of the whole person. It includes mind and emotions, and not just the physical body. Susceptibility to illness is determined by mental states such as stress, anger, helplessness, and hopelessness.

Conclusion: We need to understand illness as related to our ""mind-body"" unit and just not our physical body. Our body is not a mindless machine the body and mind are one. Getting well again is our intention. More than becoming doctors as trained biomechanics, we need to be the ""healers."" Mind is energy and body is the matter should be our new thinking. Thoughts are mind's energy. This energy influences the physical brain which controls body's physiology.

Key words: Emotions, illness, mind-body, stress

How to cite: Pawar SY. Mind-body connection of illness. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):22-25.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Pawar SY. Mind-body connection of illness. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):22-25.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Govind P. Chate, Shashwat S. Banerjee

Nanotechnology-enabled Responses against COVID-19 Pandemic

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:26-28]


ABSTRACT


The severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has made us aware of the inadequacies in our fight against respiratory viral diseases. It has triggered researchers and medical doctors into acting quickly against COVID-19 using a large variety of tools based on nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this review, we outline how nanotechnology-based strategies have helped the medical and scientific communities combat the pandemic, emphasizing the role of nanomaterials in detection, sanitation, therapies, and vaccines.

Key words: Covid-19, nanotechnology, SARS-CoV-2

How to cite: Chate GP, Banerjee SS. Nanotechnology-enabled Responses against COVID-19 Pandemic. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):26-28.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Chate GP, Banerjee SS. Nanotechnology-enabled Responses against COVID-19 Pandemic. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):26-28.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Gayatri D. More, Derek SJ Dsouza

The New Normal - Renewed Practice of Oral Health care in a Post-coronavirus Disease World

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:29-32]


ABSTRACT


Health-care planning and delivery systems worldwide have been transformed in response to that coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. All across the globe, entire health-care systems are facing similar challenges as regards the delivery of safe and high-quality patient care and this is applicable to oral health care as well. The role of dental professionals in preventing the transmission of COVID-19 is critically important. In India, during this lockdown period, all routine elective dental treatments had been suspended as appropriate safety measures and reduction in transmission rate took priority. This is primarily because there is also a high risk of transmitting this disease given the fact that many dental procedures are prone to generation of bio-aerosols. There is a plethora of information guidelines available online from regulatory bodies such as Dental Council of India and World Health Organization, regarding how to successfully emerge out of this challenging situation and restart a safe dental practice. This article will throw some light on the measures that can be undertaken to ensure that the infection prevention control protocols are followed while managing dental clinical work, to ensure that the delivery of routine oral health care is no more disrupted.

Key words: Aerosol-generating procedures, coronavirus, coronavirus disease-19, dentistry, infection, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2

How to cite: More GD, DSouza DSJ. The New Normal - Renewed Practice of Oral Health Care in a Post-Coronavirus Disease World. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):29-32.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: More GD, DSouza DSJ. The New Normal - Renewed Practice of Oral Health Care in a Post-Coronavirus Disease World. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):29-32.

CASE REPORT

Kavya Iyer, Chetan Nerpagar, Darpan Maheshgauri

A Case Report of Carpometacarpal Joint Arthroscopy in the Treatment of the Comminuted Fracture of the Trapezium

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:33-36]


ABSTRACT


Fractures of the trapezium are rare and are usually treated by open reduction and internal fixation. The trapeziometacarpal joint is difficult to visualize with standard radiographic techniques; proper visualization of the joint surface of the scaphometacarpal and trapeziometacarpal joints is paramount. A 26-year-old male patient complained of isolated left radial sided wrist pain and had limitation of wrist function after a motor vehicle accident. The injury was closed without obvious deformity. Radiographs showed a comminuted intra-articular fracture of trapezium.
On the 2nd day, the patient was taken to surgery, and with standard wrist arthroscopy, a 1.9 mm arthroscope was inserted through the radial carpometacarpal (CMC) portal into the CMC joint. A probe was inserted through the ulnar CMC to manipulate and reduce the fragment. A bone clamp achieved reduction, and 0.5 mm K-wires, augmented with mini external fixator spanning CMC joint to achieve reduction of fragments. Fixator was removed after 3 weeks and K-wires by 6 weeks, subsequently, progressive mobilization and strengthening were provided. At 10 weeks, union, normal range of motion, and full strength were present, and the patient returned to his previous level of activity with an excellent outcome. Arthroscopy provides direct visualization and accurate restoration of articular congruity, yielding excellent results.

Key words: Arthroscopy hand, carpometacarpal joint, endoscopy hand, trapezium

How to cite: Iyer K, Nerpagar C, Maheshgauri D. A Case Report of Carpometacarpal Joint Arthroscopy in the Treatment of the Comminuted Fracture of the Trapezium. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):33-36.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Iyer K, Nerpagar C, Maheshgauri D. A Case Report of Carpometacarpal Joint Arthroscopy in the Treatment of the Comminuted Fracture of the Trapezium. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):33-36.

CASE REPORT

Shrirang Rangnath Godbole, Santosh S Borkar, Ameya Y Nandanwar, Vijith Hegde, Shantanu Patil, Sameer Desai

A Rare Case of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Distal Humerus in an 11-Year-Old Child

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:37-41]


ABSTRACT


Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are expansile, blood-filled, intramedullary lesions occurring in the metaphysis of young adults. Their etiology is still unclear. These lesions have often been associated with other neoplasms. Traditional surgical treatment included en bloc resection or intralesional curettage with bone grafting or cement insertion. The recurrence rate has been reported to be almost 25%. This was a case of an 11-year-old child with ABC of the distal humerus treated by intralesional sclerosant injections. The patient showed good radiological and functional recovery post-procedure. This was done while avoiding all the major complications associated with surgery.

Key words: Aneurysmal bone cyst, humerus, polidocanol, sclerosant

How to cite: Godbole SR, Borkar SS, Nandanwar AY, Hegde V, Patil S, Desai S. A Rare Case of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Distal Humerus in an 11-Year-Old Child. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):37-41.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Godbole SR, Borkar SS, Nandanwar AY, Hegde V, Patil S, Desai S. A Rare Case of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Distal Humerus in an 11-Year-Old Child. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):37-41.

CASE REPORT

Varsha Kumbhar, Meenakshi Surve, D V Gopalghare

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: An Obstetrician's Nightmare

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:42-43]


ABSTRACT


Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an uncommon but life-threatening disease. PPCM is dilated cardiomyopathy defined by systolic cardiac failure in the past month of pregnancy up to within 5 months after delivery.[1] Echocardiography is used to diagnose and monitor the patients. We report a case of a 31-year-old G3P1L1A1 with previous C-section with twin pregnancy and anemia.

Key words: Cardiovascular diseases, peripartum cardiomyopathy, women's health

How to cite: Kumbhar V, Surve M, Gopalghare DV. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: An Obstetrician's Nightmare. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):42-43.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Kumbhar V, Surve M, Gopalghare DV. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: An Obstetrician's Nightmare. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):42-43.

CASE REPORT

Shubhada Vaidhya, Sandesh Gawade

Penile Strangulation by Self-placement of a Metal Nut in an Adult Male

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:44-46]


ABSTRACT


External genitalia entrapment is a rare clinical entity requiring urgent and efficient management. If left untreated, it may result especially in vascular compromise to the external genitalia soft-tissue structures. Management is challenging as the presentation can be variable as well as the lack of specifically designed treatment options.

Key words: Metal, nut, penile, strangulation

How to cite: Vaidhya S, Gawade S. Penile Strangulation by Self-placement of a Metal Nut in an Adult Male. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):44-46.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Vaidhya S, Gawade S. Penile Strangulation by Self-placement of a Metal Nut in an Adult Male. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):44-46.

CASE REPORT

Rachana Laxman Kasture, Sandesh Gawade, Sachin P Naik, Rohan Patil

Button Cell Battery Ingestion in Children and their Outcome

[Year:2020] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages No:47-50]


ABSTRACT


Button batteries are the second most frequently ingested foreign bodies and can lead to serious clinical complications within hours of ingestion. Over the past two decades, the prevalence and mortality of button battery ingestion have been on the rise with an extensive application of smaller, more technologically advanced toys in the household. We present a series of nine children with button batteries lodged in upper gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis was made primarily by the history of button battery ingestion, radio imaging. The most common site of impaction was lower esophagus. Mucosal injuries were common in esophagus as compared to stomach. Endoscopic retrieval was done in all. One patient had esophageal stricture on follow-up and was subjected to endoscopic dilatation. Early detection, prompt treatment, and regular follow-up after discharge may help to decrease the incidence of complications and improve the outcomes.

Key words: Button battery, ingestion, esophagus

How to cite: Kasture RL, Gawade S, Naik SP, Patil R. Button Cell Battery Ingestion in Children and their Outcome. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):47-l.

Source of Support: Nil.

Conflicts of Interest: None declared.


How to cite: Kasture RL, Gawade S, Naik SP, Patil R. Button Cell Battery Ingestion in Children and their Outcome. MIMER Med J 2020;4(2):47-l.